Talc in Pharmaceutical Industry

In medicine a drug is any substance that is used for treatment, pain relief, disease diagnosis and prevention and affects the structure or function of a living organism and when administered to a living organism, produces a biological effect. There are four types of drugs: mineral, animal, plant and chemical. The pharmaceutical industry is one of the industries on which huge investments have been made. A large part of medicinal raw materials are of mineral origin. Among the minerals, industrial minerals are widely used in pharmacy as an effective drug or filler as suspending, adhesive, diluting, disintegrating, enhancing, viscosity agents.
The talc used in the pharmaceutical industry must be pure and sterile and free of bacteria and must not contain Iron Oxide, Dolomite, Carbon, etc. The specifications of the consumed talc must be in accordance with the pharmacopoeia. According to the Food and Drug Administration of the USA and Europe, the use of talc with asbestos causes cancer and since asbestos-free talc is rare, the consumption of talc in the pharmaceutical industry has been decreased. Talc is used as an oil and lubricant to make it easier to swallow and facilitate the flow of pill grains in the funnel, to separate compressed pieces from each other, and to easily separate the grains from the inside of the boxes.
Talc is mostly used in making topical powder creams to absorb odors and fat. Pure talc powder is sprayed on the skin for massage, which prevents the skin from becoming sensitive and sore. In order to increase its moisture absorption, it is usually mixed with starch and zinc oxide. The talc should not be sprayed on open wounds or pores because it causes wound inflammation. Talc is used as filler and as a dispersing agent in tablets and coatings as a lubricant. Talc is used to treat lung cancer and effusion. Talc powder is used for massage, for liquid clarification, for treatment of pleural cavity diseases, for removing body lesions, and it is also used in vitamins.